European Countries Capitals and Currencies – Europe is the World’s second-smallest continent – 10,180,000 km² covering approximately 6.7% of the Earth’s land and 2% of the Earth’s surface.
- It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Ural mountains in Russia mark the eastern extreme.
- The southern regions are higher and include the Pyrenees, the Alps and the Carpathian mountain ranges.
- The longest river in Europe is the Volga (2,850 km) in Russia.
- The highest mountain is Elbrus (5,642 m) in Russia.
European Countries Capitals Currencies
|Andorra la Vella
|Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Euro, CFP franc
|Saint Peter Port
|Isle of Man
|Euro, US dollar
Facts About Europe
- Europe is the world’s second-smallest continent but has the second-largest population.
- The landscape ranges from the frozen tundra and forests of the north to the hot, dry hills of the Mediterranean region.
- Etna is Europe’s largest active volcano. With a maximum elevation of about 3350 m, Mount Etna is a stratovolcano situated in Sicily, southern Italy.
- The famous Statue of Liberty was designed by Frédéric Bartholdi. The colossal neoclassical sculpture was constructed in France and given as a gift of friendship to the United States of America.
- Europe is the only continent that does not have any deserts.
- Both World Wars were largely focused in Europe.
- Golf was first played in Scotland and the first game of cricket was played in Britain, both of these are countries in Europe.
- The piano and guitar were also invented in Europe.
- The European Free Trade Association is a regional trade organisation and Free trade area consisting of four European states.
- Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation.
- The European Anthem is “Ode to Joy” and states celebrate peace and unity on Europe Day.
- After World War II, Europe became divided into two ideological blocs (Eastern Europe, dominated by the USSR, and Western Europe, dominated by the United States) and became engaged in the cold war.
- In 1955, the Council of Europe was formed following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals.
- The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed as a military deterrent to the spread of Communism and sought to maintain a military balance with its eastern equivalent, the Warsaw Treaty Organization. Cold war tensions eased in the 1960s, and signs of normalization of East-West relations appeared in the 1970s.
- In Western Europe, the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) merged in 1967 to form the European Community.
- Known since 1993 as the European Union, the organization aims to develop economic and monetary union among its members, ultimately leading to political union. The Eastern European counterpart was the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON), which, like the Warsaw Treaty Organization, dissolved with the breakup of the Soviet bloc in the early 1990s.
– European Countries Capitals Currencies