European Countries Capitals Currencies

European Countries Capitals and Currencies – Europe is the World’s second-smallest continent – 10,180,000 km² covering approximately 6.7% of the Earth’s land and 2% of the Earth’s surface.

  • It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Ural mountains in Russia mark the eastern extreme.
  • The southern regions are higher and include the Pyrenees, the Alps and the Carpathian mountain ranges.
  • The longest river in Europe is the Volga (2,850 km) in Russia.
  • The highest mountain is Elbrus (5,642 m) in Russia.

European Countries Capitals Currencies


European Countries Capitals Currencies

Country CapitalCurrency
Åland IslandsMariehamnEuro
AlbaniaTiranaLek
AndorraAndorra la VellaEuro
AustriaViennaEuro
BelarusMinskBelarusian ruble
BelgiumBrusselsEuro
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevoConvertible mark
BulgariaSofiaLev
CroatiaZagrebKuna
Czech RepublicPragueCzech koruna
DenmarkCopenhagenDanish krone
EstoniaTallinnEuro
Faroe IslandsTórshavnFaroese króna
FinlandHelsinkiEuro
FranceParisEuro, CFP franc
GermanyBerlinEuro
GibraltarGibraltarGibraltar pound
GreeceAthensEuro
GuernseySaint Peter PortPound sterling
HungaryBudapestForint
IcelandReykjavíkIcelandic króna
IrelandDublinEuro
Isle of ManDouglasPound sterling
ItalyRomeEuro
JerseySaint HelierPound sterling
KosovoPristinaEuro
LatviaRygaEuro
LiechtensteinVaduzSwiss franc
LithuaniaVilniusLithuanian litas
LuxembourgLuxembourgEuro
MacedoniaSkopjeMacedonian denar
MaltaVallettaEuro
MoldovaChişinăuMoldovan leu
MonacoMonacoEuro
MontenegroPodgoricaEuro
NetherlandsAmsterdamEuro, US dollar
NorwayOsloNorwegian krone
PolandWarsawZłoty
PortugalLisbonEuro
RomaniaBucharestRomanian leu
RussiaMoscowRussian ruble
San MarinoSan MarinoEuro
SerbiaBelgradeSerbian dinar
SlovakiaBratislavaEuro
SloveniaLjubljanaEuro
SpainMadridEuro
SvalbardLongyearbyenNorwegian krone
SwedenStockholmSwedish krona
SwitzerlandBernSwiss franc
TransnistriaTiraspolTransnistrian ruble
UkraineKievUkrainian hryvnia
United KingdomLondonPound sterling
Vatican CityVatican CityEuro

Facts About Europe

  • Europe is the world’s second-smallest continent but has the second-largest population.
  • The landscape ranges from the frozen tundra and forests of the north to the hot, dry hills of the Mediterranean region.
  • Etna is Europe’s largest active volcano. With a maximum elevation of about 3350 m, Mount Etna is a stratovolcano situated in Sicily, southern Italy.
  • The famous Statue of Liberty was designed by Frédéric Bartholdi. The colossal neoclassical sculpture was constructed in France and given as a gift of friendship to the United States of America.
  • Europe is the only continent that does not have any deserts.
  • Both World Wars were largely focused in Europe.
  • Golf was first played in Scotland and the first game of cricket was played in Britain, both of these are countries in Europe.
  • The piano and guitar were also invented in Europe.
  •  The European Free Trade Association is a regional trade organisation and Free trade area consisting of four European states.
  • Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation.
  • The European Anthem is “Ode to Joy” and states celebrate peace and unity on Europe Day.
  • After World War II, Europe became divided into two ideological blocs (Eastern Europe, dominated by the USSR, and Western Europe, dominated by the United States) and became engaged in the cold war.
  • In 1955, the Council of Europe was formed following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals.
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed as a military deterrent to the spread of Communism and sought to maintain a military balance with its eastern equivalent, the Warsaw Treaty Organization. Cold war tensions eased in the 1960s, and signs of normalization of East-West relations appeared in the 1970s.
  • In Western Europe, the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) merged in 1967 to form the European Community.
  • Known since 1993 as the European Union, the organization aims to develop economic and monetary union among its members, ultimately leading to political union. The Eastern European counterpart was the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON), which, like the Warsaw Treaty Organization, dissolved with the breakup of the Soviet bloc in the early 1990s.

– European Countries Capitals Currencies


Also Read

Country Capital Currency of Asia

Country Capital Currency of Africa

Country Capital Currency of Australia

Country Capital Currency of North America

Country Capital Currency of South America

1 Comment

Leave a Comment