List of Important Metals and Their Ores – Complete list

List of Important metals and their ores

What is a Metal?

  • A metal is a material that is typically hard when in the solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
  • Metals play a major role in our life. For example, the kitchen utensils, the ornaments we wear, copper in wires, steel cart..etc are all made of metals. Iron and Steel are used in automobiles, construction of houses, bridges..etc.
  • Metals have become a part of our life since ancient times. Starting from hand weapons made in Iron Age, metals play a major role in our day to day life.

What is an Ore?

  • Ores are naturally occurring rocks that contain metal or metal compounds in sufficient amounts to make it worthwhile extracting them. For example, iron ore is used to make iron and steel.

Here, we providing a List of some Important metals and their ores. it is mainly useful for your upcoming competitive exams like SSC, UPSC etc.

 

List of Important metals and their ores list

S.No Metal Ores
1 Sodium(Na) Chile saltpetre
Trona
Borax
Common salt
2 Aluminium(Al) Bauxite
Corundum
Feldspar
Cryolite
Alunite
Kaolin
3 Potassium(K) Nitrate(saltpetre)
Carnalite
4 Magnesium(Mg) Magnesite
Dolomite
Epsom salt
Kieserite
Carnalite
5 Calcium(Ca) Dolomite
Calcite
Gypsum
Fluorspar
Asbestos
6 Strontium(Sr) Strontianite
Silestone
7 Copper(Cu) Cuprite
Copper glance
Copper pyrites
8 Silver(Ag) Ruby silver
Horn silver
9 Gold(Au) Calaverite
Silvenites
10 Barium(Ba) Barytes
11 Zinc(Zn) Zinc blende
Zincite
Calamine
12 Mercury(Hg) Cinnabar
13 Tin(Sn) Cassiterite
14 Lead(Pb) Galena
15 Antimony(Sb) Stibnite
16 Cadmium(Cd) Greenockite
17 Bismuth(Bi) Bismuthate
18 Iron(Fe) Haemethite
Limonite
Magnetite
Siderite
Iron pyrite
Copper pyrites
19 Cobalt(Co) Smelite
20 Nickel(Ni) Milarite
21 Manganese(Mn) Pyrolusite
Magnate
22 Uranium(U) Carnetite
Pitch blende

Facts about Metals and Their Ores

1. Aluminium is one of the most common elements in the Earth’s crust and is found in a variety of silicate ores, which are often a type of clay.

2. The most common metal ores are oxides and sulphides.

3. Sulphides are the oldest ores, formed in the Earth’s history when there was a lot of sulphur from volcanic activity.

4. Oxides formed later when photosynthesis in plants released large amounts of oxygen into the atmosphere.

5.  Iron ore is the most common element in the world and makes up close to 5% of the Earth’s crust. This makes it one of the most abundant rock elements.


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