Interesting Facts About Tamil Nadu

Brief Introduction about Tamil Nadu

About Tamil Nadu – The State of Tamil Nadu lies in the southern most part of India. Its official and widely spoken language is Tamil. There are 32 districts present in Tamil Nadu. Chennai formerly known as Madras is the Capital City of Tamil Nadu. Also, Chennai is the largest city in the state. The motto of the State is ‘Truth alone Triumph’. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. This state is the largest producer of banana, turmeric, tapioca and second largest producer of Mango, Coconut and groundnut.

The government of Tamil Nadu


R. N. Ravi

Chief Minister

M. K. Stalin

High Court of Tamil Nadu

Madras High Court

State Symbols




Nilgiri Tahr


Emerald Dove


Palm Tree


Gloriosa Lily



Wildlife Sanctuaries

Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary

Kalakaadu Mudanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary

Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary

National Parks

Indira Gandhi National Park

Mudumalai National Park

Mukurthi National Park

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

Guindy National Park

Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary

Biosphere Reserves in Tamil Nadu

The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Agasthiyamalai Biosphere Reserve

World Heritage Sites in Tamil Nadu

Brihdeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur

Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple at Jayakondam

Airavateswara Temple at Darasuram

Monuments of Mahabalipuram at Chennai

Rivers and Dams in Tamil Nadu

Aliyar Dam

Aliyar River

Amaravathi Dam

Amaravati River

Bhavanisagar Dam

Bhavani River

Grand Anicut Dam (Kallanai)

Cauvery River

Mettur Dam

Cauvery River

Sathanur Dam

Pennaiyaru River

Pechiparai Dam

Kodayar River

Mukkadal Dam

Vambaru River

Vaigai Dam

Vaigai River

Famous Places in Tamil Nadu

Marina Beach, world’s second largest beach is located in Chennai the capital of Tamil Nadu.

Meenakshi Amman Temple is a Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai. It was on the list of top 30 nominees for the “New Seven Wonders of the World”.

Kanyakumari beach has its own importance was the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and Indian ocean meets.

Vivekananda Rock Memorial, Gandhi Museum, Thanjavur Temple are other famous places.

Famous Dances

Bharat Natyam is the popular traditional dance of the state.

Kolattam, Karagam, and Mayilattam are famous folk dances.

Famous Personalities of  Tamil Nadu

Dr APJ. Abdul Kalam, 11th President of India was born and raised in Tamil Nadu.

Sir C.V Raman was a known Indian Physicist, won Nobel prize in Physics.

The Great Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan who made significant contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, and continued fractions was born in Erode, Tamil Nadu.

M.S. Subbulakshmi was a famous Carnatic vocalist belongs to Tamil Nadu. She was the first musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.

Viswanathan Anand origin of Tamil Nadu is an Indian chess Grandmaster and former World Chess Champion.

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is an Indian structural biologist, who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry

MS Swaminathan, Father of Green Revolution in India, belonged to Tamil Nadu.

AR Rahman or the Mozart of Madras, the Academy Award Winner, is also from Tamil Nadu.

Nuclear Power Stations in Tamil Nadu

Madras Atomic Power Station, Kalpakkam.

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant, Kudankulam

Thermal Power Stations in Tamil Nadu

Neyveli Thermal Power Station, Cuddalore.

Mettur Thermal Power Station, Salem.

Ennore Thermal Power Station, Chennai.

Other Facts about Tamil Nadu

Major Ports – Madras & Tuticorin

Tirukkural, which was written nearly two millennia ago portrays a universal outlook.

Tamil is the first Indian Language to attain Classical Language Status

Tamil Nadu is often referred to as ‘a land of temples’ and Tamils are proud of the religious traditions and follow them strictly.

The World’s First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara temple at Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu.

The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium or Chepauk Stadium is a cricket stadium in Chennai. The stadium was established in 1916 and it the oldest continuously used cricket stadium in the country.


1. Tamil Nadu state came into existence on ___________.

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Answer – 26th January 1950.

2. How many districts are present in Tamil Nadu?

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Answer – 38

3. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Seats from Tamil Nadu are _______ and _________ respectively.

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Answer – 39 & 18.

4. The first Chief Minister and Governor of Tamil Nadu are

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Answer – A Subbarayalu Reddiar and Archibald Edward Nye respectively.

5. _______ refers to a hypothetical lost continent with an ancient Tamil civilization, located south of present-day India, in the Indian Ocean.

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Answer – Kumari Kandam

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