Facts about Nagaland- Explained In Detail.

Facts About Nagaland – Nagaland is a vibrant hill state Located in the extreme North East of India, bounded by Myanmar in the East; Assam in the West; Arunachal Pradesh and a part of Assam in the North with Manipur in the south. It offers a rich and incomparable traditional and cultural heritage.  One of the seven sister states of India, Nagaland is covered mostly by high-altitude mountains.

State Symbols of Nagaland

Date of Formation Dec. 1, 1963
State Animal Mithun
State Bird Blyth’s Tragopan
State Flower  Rhododendron
State Tree Alder
Major Crops Rice, Maize, Millet, Rubber
Languages Ao, Sema, Konyak, Angami, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Kuki
Official Language English
Literacy 80.11 %
Literacy Rank 9th
Sex Ratio 931 Females per 1000 Male
Sex Ratio Rank 17th
No of Districts 11

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Intanki National Park
  • Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary


  • Milak
  • Barak
  • Dhansiri
  • oyang
  • Dikhu
  • Zungki
  • Tizu

Major Dance and Music forms

  • Nruirolians (Cock dance)
  • Temangnetin (Fly dance)


  • Moatsu harvest festival
  • Selu-enyi
  • Sankarni

Famous Places in Nagaland

  • Kohima War Cemetery – Kohima war cemetery is a memorial dedicated to soldiers of the 2nd British Division of the Allied Forces who died in the Second World War at Kohima, the capital of Nagaland, India, in April 1944.
  • Mokokchung

    – The Mokokchung district of Nagaland is where the famous Moatsu festival is celebrated. It takes place in the month of May every year and is organized by the Ao tribe.

  • Mount Pauna

    – Mount Pauna is the third highest peak of Nagaland. It belongs to the Benreu range and offers you some of the most breathtaking and picturesque views you have ever witnessed.

  • Kachari ruins –  located in Dimapur, Nagaland are the set of dome shaped pillars. These pillars were constructed in the 10th century during the Kachari civilization.

Famous Personalities of Nagaland 

  • Neiphiu Rio

    He is the present member of parliament from Nagaland. He served thrice as Chief Minister of Nagaland. He is also the recipient of the Mother Teresa Millenium Award (the year 2007) for his remarkable contribution to politics.

  • K. Sankaranarayanan  A man who has to his name the tenure of serving not just one or two but three major states of India
  • Dr Talimeran Ao

    the legendary sports persona was the first captain of Independent India’s Olympic Football team.

Facts About Nagaland

  • Nagaland became the full-fledged 16th state of India on 1 Dec 1963.
  • This state borders with Assam in the northwest, Arunachal Pradesh in north and Manipur in the south. It also shares an international boundary with Myanmar.
  • The capital of the state is Kohima and the largest city is Dimapur.
  • The state is mostly hilly with “Mount Saramati” as the highest peak of Naga hills with a height of 3840 m. This mountain peak is shared with Myanmar and the mountain range forms a natural barrier to Myanmar.
  • Nagaland is also referred to as “Falcon capital of the world”.
    Mithun (a semi domesticated bull) found only in north eastern states is the state animal.
  • Jhume(Shifting) cultivation is generally practised in the state.
    Mineral Resources of Nagaland – Coal, limestone, iron, nickel, cobalt, chromium and marble.
  • The Nagaland Sugar Mill at Dimapur has installed capacity of 1000 tonnes per day.
  • The population is entirely tribal and each tribe is unique in costumes, language and dress.
  • Nagaland is one of the three states which has a Christian majority (Other two being Manipur and Meghalaya).
  • Nagas are quite literate and most of the population speak English which is also the Official language.
  • The state has witnessed long episodes of insurgency and inter-ethnic conflict.
  • Nagaland is the only Indian state which showed population drop between 2001 to 2011 census.
  • The major tribes of Nagaland include Ao, Sangtam, Chakhesangs, Kukis, Kacharis, Angamis, Konyaks, Aos, Sumis, Changs, Lothas etc
  • Nagaland is called as Land of Festivals. Each tribe have their own specific festivals and they celebrate it with full zest and zeal.
  • Hornbill festival is the quite popular annual event of Nagaland. Hornbill festivals are called as festivals of festivals.
  • This festival was started in the year 2000 by the state government to promote tourism and to promulgate the tribe’s culture of the state.
  • This is a sort of parent festival which portrays the glimpses of festivals of all different tribes.

Trivia About Nagaland

1. Who is the Chief Minister of Nagaland?

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 Shurhozelie Liezietsu 

2. What is the literacy rate of Nagaland ?

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3. What is the Official Language of Nagaland?

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4. Nagaland is also referred as __________?

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Falcon capital of the world 

5. Which  festival is quite popular annual event of Nagaland?

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Hornbill festival 

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