Facts About Himachal Pradesh – Himachal Pradesh (literally “Snow-laden Region”) is a state in North India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. Its area is 21,495 sq mi (55,670 km2), and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east.
Hima means snow in Sanskrit, and the literal meaning of the state’s name is “In the lap of Himalayas”. It was named by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, one of the great Sanskrit scholars of Himachal Pradesh.
According to a 2005 Transparency International survey, Himachal Pradesh has ranked the second-least corrupt state in the country after Kerala.
Hindi is both the official language and the lingua franca (A lingua franca is a language or way of communicating which is used between people who do not speak one another’s native language.) of Himachal Pradesh. However, most of the population speaks Pahari in everyday conversation, which includes nearly all Western Pahari dialects. There are total 0032 languages in HP.
- The Chief Commissioner’s province of H.P. came into being on 15th April 1948.
- H.P. became a part C state on 26th January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India.
- Bilaspur was merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1st July 1954.
- Himachal Pradesh became Union Territory on 1st November 1956.
- Kangra and most of the other hill areas of Punjab were merged with H.P. on 1st November 1966 through its status remained that of a Union Territory.
- On 18th December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25th January 1971. Thus H.P. emerged as the eighteenth state of Indian Union.
- Himachal Pradesh has come a long way since then. It has seen a number of full-fledged governments which have led the state towards economic self-reliance.
Government of Himachal Pradesh
|Chief Minister||Shri Virbhadra Singh|
|Chief Justice||Justice Mansoor Ahmad Mir|
State Symbols of Himachal Pradesh
|State animal||Snow leopard (Uncia uncia)|
|State bird||Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)|
|State flower||Pink rhododendron|
|State tree||Deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara)|
|Lok Sabha Seats||4 (Kangra, Mandi, Hamirpur, Shimla)|
|Rajya Sabha Seats||3 (BJP – 2, INC – 1)|
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh
Sachu Tuan Nala
Kalatop – Khajjiar.
Maharana Pratap Sagar (Pong Dam Lake)
Great Himalayan National Park.
Sri Naina Devi Ji.
Shimla Water Catchment Area
Pin Valley National Park.
National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
- Great Himalayan National Park
- Pin Valley National Park
- Inderkilla National Park
- Khirganga National Park
- Simbalbara National Park
Hydroelectric Power Plants in Himachal Pradesh
- Girinagar Hydel Project (Palampur)
- Binwa Hydel Project (Kinnaur)
- Sanjay Vidyut Pariyojna (Mandi)
- Bassi Hydroelectric Project (Kullu)
- Larji Hydroelectric Project (Shimla)
- Andhra Hydel Project (Rohru – Shimla)
- Rongtong Hydel Project (Lahaul-Spiti)
- Baner and Neugal Project (Kangra)
- Nathpa Jhakri Project (funded by world bank)
UNESCO Heritage Sites
- Great Himalayan National Park
- Mountain Railways Kalka – Shimla
Famous Temples in Himachal Pradesh
- Tara Devi
- Naina Devi
- Baba Balak Nath
- Jawala Devi
- Chamunda Devi.
Famous Morach in Himachal Pradesh
- Guru Ghantal Monastery
- Tabo Monastery
Famous Churches in Himachal Pradesh
- St. Michael’s Cathedral
- Christ Church
- St. Johns Church
Famous Gurudwaras in Himachal Pradesh
- Gurudwara Bhngani Sahab
- Paonta Sahib
- Rewalsahib Gurudwara
Natural Resources in Himachal Pradesh
Nature has endowed Himachal Pradesh with a number of important minerals such as salt, gypsum, clays, mica, limestone, barytes, iron, pyrite and lead.
Main Festivals of Himachal Pradesh
- Chet (Dholru)
- Haryali (Shegtsum in Lahaul, Dhakhrain in Jubbal and Kinnaur)
- Phulech (in Kinnaur)
Famous Fairs in Himachal Pradesh
- Kullu Dussehra
- Lavi (Oct-Nov)
- Holi Fair (in Sujanpur)
Dance of Himachal Pradesh
- The Gugga Dance
- The Losar Shona Chuksam
- The Ghurehi
- The Kullu Naati
Major Airports in Himachal Pradesh
- Kullu Manali (Bhuntaar Airport)
- Shimla (Jubbarhatti Airport)
- Kangra (Gaggal Airport)
Famous Personalities of Himachal Pradesh
- Captain Vikram Batra
- Anupam Kher
- The Great Khali
- Tenzin Gyatso
- Mohit Chauhan
- Charanjit Singh (Captain of Indian Hockey Team 1964. India won Gold.)
- Ruskin Bond
- Kangana Ranaut
Facts about Himachal Pradesh
- The most exciting way to commute to Shimla is by the Kalka-Shimla Railway, better known as the Toy train. But what’s more amazing is that it declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO and holds the world record of being the train to cover the steepest slope (5816 ft) in the least distance (just 96 km).
- The Kalka-Shimla express runs through a massive stretch of 806 bridges, 103 tunnels and 18 stations.
- Kasol is famous by the nickname of ‘Mini Israel’ perhaps because of its maximum tourists being that of Israeli origin and so most of the shops and inns to bear hoarding in the Hebrew language. Moreover, the clothes, goods and food, especially pita bread and hummus also give you the feeling of being in Israel.
- Himachal Pradesh proudly holds the title of being the second least corrupt state of India after Kerala.
- Malana, a fairly unexplored and hidden village in Himachal Pradesh is also famous by the name of ‘The Village of Taboos’ which is mainly because of their strict rules of no outsider touching any wall or belonging of the residents.
- Malana is also one of the oldest democracies and interestingly it has its own set of Greek-resembling beliefs and ways. They even consider themselves to be the descendants of Alexander the Great and consider non-Malanis as inferior and untouchables. One of the facts is that the area is known for being a weed-tourist hotspot. The excellent quality of the dry herbs available here often draws tourists from all over the world. People can use this in joints and in some cases in dry vaporizers (learn more about how dry vaporizers function). In fact, this place has won the title of ‘Best Hashish’ twice; once in the year 1994 and again in 1996 at High Times magazine Cannabis Cup.
- Himachal Pradesh is the land of deities. Almost every village has its own Gods and Goddesses which the local people rigorously worship.
- Himachal Pradesh produces apples, peaches, cherries, kiwis and plums in abundance apart from dry fruits such as hazelnuts and chilgoza or pine nuts. The latter is rare but that is grown in the state alone.
- Shimla is the only place in the whole of Asia to sport a natural ice skating rink.
- The legendary Silk Route, trusted to have been the path for the traders to go to and from other countries such as China, Tibet, Ladakh and Kashmir for selling wool, semi-precious stones, livestock and of course silk is also located nowhere else but in the Abode of Snow- Himachal Pradesh.