Assam is one of the Seven Sister states and is encircled by the remaining Sister states – Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh – and another state West Bengal. Moreover, the countries Bangladesh and Bhutan share the international borders with this state. The state is surrounded by land.
The state is also known for one of its kind Assamese golden silk called muga which is produced only in Assam. Another aspect that brings Assam close to India’s heart is its first and oldest petroleum resources.
- Assam History speaks of the traditions and cultures of the oldest periods of human civilizations. Enriched by many Dynastic traits, the land of Assam remains one of the most enticing states of India. The notable rulers who once existed in Assam include Ahoms and Kiratas.
- During the periods of 13th century, Assam was ruled by two prime Dynasties of Kamarupa and Ahom. Under the rule of Ahom Dynasty, Assam started a new journey towards becoming a developed land of India.
- After the Ahom dynasty, Assam came under the control of Burmese Kingdom. The rulers of Burma continued their unprecedented domination over the state of Assam till the 1800s. In the year 1826, the British emperor took charge of the state and thus begun the colonial era of Assam.
- Assam was also involved in various freedom movements. With the enthusiastic participation of many courageous activists Assam, along with the entire nation, became independent in 1947.
- Beginning of the era of Colonial Assam started in the year 1824 when lower Assam came under the control of British Empire.
- In 1825 again, the upper regions of Assam became the ruling ground of British Kingdom. In the subsequent years, the entire land of Assam was covered by the British rule.
- The Yandaboo Treaty in 1825, preceded by the end of Burmese rule in Assam, was a landmark of colonial rule in Assam as it led to the commencement of British rule. In the year 1839, the land of Assam first experienced the Company Raj within its premises
Government of Assam
- Assam government and politics involves the various political parties that rule the state and function as opposition in the legislative assembly.
- The Government of Assam is the regional ruling authority of the state of Assam, Republic of India. The head of the state is the Governor of Assam.
- At present, the Governor of the state is Banwarilal Purohit
- The Chief Minister of the state functions as the head of the government. He is also the leader of the legislative party sitting in the treasury bench. Presently, Shri Sarbananda Sonowal
is the Chief Minister of Assam.
- Assembly elections take place in the state after every five years unless it is stated otherwise.
- The Chief Minister of the state is helped in running the government by a council of ministers, which is nominated by the chief minister himself.
- Date of Formation was 1912 (Assam Province – British India), 15 August 1947.
State Symbols of Assam
Rivers: Brahmaputra, Manas, Subansiri, Sonai
- Arunachal Pradesh,
- West Bengal
|Official State Anthem||O Mur Apunar Dex|
|State Bird||White-winged duck|
|State Flower||Rhynchostylis retusa|
National Parks In Assam
- Kaziranga National Parks,
- Manas National Parks,
- Rajiv Gandhi National Parks
- Orang National Parks
- Dibru National Park
- Nameri National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries And National Parks in Assam
- Kopou phul
- Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary-Sonitpur
- Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary- Darrang
- Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary-Sonitpur
- Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary -Marigaon
- Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kamakhya Temple
- Umananda Temple
- Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra
- Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden
- Agnigarh is a hillock located in Tezpur, Assam, India
- Basistha temple, located in the south-east corner of Guwahati city is a Shiva mandir constructed by Ahom King Rajeswar Singha in 1764
- The ancient Mahabhairav Temple is located at a hillock on the northern part of Tezpur town, Assam
Famous Personalities of Assam
- Freedom fighters:
- Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
- Fakaruddin Ali Ahmed
- Kanaklata Barua
- Gopinath Bordoloi
- Academicians and Scholars
- Nabakanta Barua
- Amalendu Guha
- Mamoni Raisom Goswami
- Bhabendra Nath Saikia
- Mrinal Miri
- Sports person
- Shiva Thapa, boxer
- Abu Nechim, cricketer
- Anupam Sharma, international arm wrestler
- Jayanta Talukdar, archer
- Assam is often called “The land of Red River (the Brahmaputra is called Lohit in Assamese) and blue hills (the Eastern Himalayan range)”.
- Assam’s culture is widely influenced after the Ahom dynasty and Koch Kingdom established their roots in the state. One of the major contributions to cultural change is the Srimanta Shankardeva’s (Sonkordeu’s) Vaishnava Movement.
- Some famous dance and dramas include Ankia Naat, Bihu dance, Kushan nritra, Bagurumba, Bordoicikhla, Sattriya, Banjar Kekan, Mishing Bihu, etc.
- Music is also a tradition in the state with folk songs like Borgeet, etc.
- Assam is the land upon which Mother Nature has showered her blessings to the fullest.
- The gateway to the north eastern part of the country, the state of Assam is gifted with lush green meadows, fertile plains, the enormous Brahmaputra river, the beautiful hills, the blue mountains, the wonderful looking tea plantations, the rich flora and fauna.
- A pleasing climate almost throughout the year and the presence of exciting wildlife resources in the dense forests is the added advantages for tourism in Assam.
- It is the home to the famed one horned rhinoceros and few other rare animal species.
- The mighty river of Brahmaputra, originating from the Mansarovar Lake in Tibret, meanders through the wooded hills and the rolling plains of the Assam.
- Jhum farming is the widely practiced occupation of almost all the peasants of Assam.
- In the recent past, due to the emergence of several industrial units within the area of Assam, signs of soil erosion have been noticed.
- In order to prevent the fertile lands of the state from such damage, the Soil conservation Department under the aegis of the Assam Government has started taking significant steps.
- As a whole, the Area of Assam, from its pre-historic periods to its present day state, provides a rich and changing geographical trait.
- Mājuli or Majoli is the biggest river island in the world in the Brahmaputra River, Assam, India and also 1st island district of the country.
- However it is recognised by Guinness Book of World Records as World’s Largest River Island.
- The island is formed by the Brahmaputra river in the south and the Kherkutia Xuti, an anabranch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the Subansiri River in the north.
- Mājuli island is accessible by ferries from the city of Jorhat. The island is about 300-400 kim east from the state’s largest city —Guwahati.
- It was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit.
- Mājuli is the abode of the Assamese neo-Vaisnavite culture.
- Chief Minister and Governor of Assam at Present are
2. Name the Biggest River Island district is Situated in Assam
3. Siva thappa hailing from Assam is Associated with
4. What is the widely practiced occupation in Assam?
5. Name the treaty that is end of Burmese rule in Assam