General Knowledge

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – Complete List

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

What is UNESCO?

Unesco World Heritage Sites in India-The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate members. Most of its field offices are “cluster” offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist.

UNESCO’s AIM

UNESCO’s aim is “to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information“.

A World Heritage Site is a landmark which has been officially recognized by the United Nations, specifically by the UNESCO. Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties.

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA

1. NATURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA

S No.Natural World Heritage SiteStateYear of NotificationArea (In Km2)
1Kaziranga National ParkAssam1985429.96
2Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajasthan198528.73
3Manas Wildlife SanctuaryAssam1985391.00
4Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of FlowersUttarakhand1982
2005
630.00
87.50
5Sunderbans National ParkWest Bengal19841,330.10
6Western GhatsMaharashtra,
Goa,
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu and
Kerala
20121,60,000.00
7Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh2014905.4

2. CULTURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA

S No.Name of Cultural World Heritage SiteStateYear of Notification
1Agra FortUttar Pradesh1983
2Ajanta CavesMaharashtra1983
3Buddhist Monuments at SanchiMadhya Pradesh1989
4Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujarat2004
5Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus)Maharashtra2004
6Churches and Convents of GoaGoa1986
7Elephanta CavesMaharashtra1987
8Ellora CavesMaharashtra1983
9Fatehpur SikriUttar Pradesh1986
10Great Living Chola TemplesTamil Nadu1987
11Group of Monuments at HampiKarnataka1986
12Group of Monuments at MahabalipuramTamil Nadu1984
13Group of Monuments at PattadakalKarnataka1987
14Hill Forts of RajasthanRajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagnon)2013
15Humayun’s Tomb, DelhiDelhi1993
16Khajuraho Group of MonumentsMadhya Pradesh1986
17Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBihar2002
18Mountain Railways of IndiaTamil Nadu1999
19Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiDelhi1993
20Rani-Ki-Van (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, GujaratGujarat2014
21Red Fort ComplexDelhi2007
22Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaMadhya Pradesh2003
23Sun Temple, KonarakOrissa1984
24Taj MahalUttar Pradesh1983
25The Jantar Mantar, JaipurRajasthan2010
26Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at NalandaBihar2016
27The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementChandigarh2016
28Gothic and Art Deco architectureMumbai2018

3. MIXED WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA 

S No.Name of Mixed World Heritage SiteStateYear of Notification
1Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim2016

Source – UNESCO World Heritage Convention

Did You Know?

UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs. They are

  • Education
  • Natural sciences
  • Social/human sciences
  • Culture
  • Communication/information

Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France

Three new sites – “Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University)” at Nalanda, Bihar, “Capitol Building Complex – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier” in Chandigarh and “Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim” have been added to the list in July 2016.

Apart from the 35 sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, India has also maintained a list of tentative sites for recognition which has been submitted to UNESCO Committee for evaluation and acceptance.


Update :

In July 2018, UNESCO announced Gothic and Art Deco architecture in Mumbai as UNESCO’s Cultural World Heritage Sites in India. 

About the author

Vignesh

Vignesh Sathyan is the Founder of Day Today GK, a portal that helps Aspirants who are preparing for Competitive Exams.

You can reach him at sathyan@daytodaygk.com

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