General Knowledge

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – Complete List

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

What is UNESCO?

Unesco World Heritage Sites in India-The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate members. Most of its field offices are “cluster” offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist.

UNESCO’s AIM

UNESCO’s aim is “to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information“.

A World Heritage Site is a landmark which has been officially recognized by the United Nations, specifically by the UNESCO. Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties.

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA

1. NATURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA

S No. Natural World Heritage Site State Year of Notification Area (In Km2)
1 Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985 429.96
2 Keoladeo Ghana National Park Rajasthan 1985 28.73
3 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 1985 391.00
4 Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers Uttarakhand 1982
2005
630.00
87.50
5 Sunderbans National Park West Bengal 1984 1,330.10
6 Western Ghats Maharashtra,
Goa,
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu and
Kerala
2012 1,60,000.00
7 Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 2014 905.4

2. CULTURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA

S No. Name of Cultural World Heritage Site State Year of Notification
1 Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
2 Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
3 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh 1989
4 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat 2004
5 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus) Maharashtra 2004
6 Churches and Convents of Goa Goa 1986
7 Elephanta Caves Maharashtra 1987
8 Ellora Caves Maharashtra 1983
9 Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
10 Great Living Chola Temples Tamil Nadu 1987
11 Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka 1986
12 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu 1984
13 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka 1987
14 Hill Forts of Rajasthan Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagnon) 2013
15 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi Delhi 1993
16 Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh 1986
17 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar 2002
18 Mountain Railways of India Tamil Nadu 1999
19 Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi Delhi 1993
20 Rani-Ki-Van (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat Gujarat 2014
21 Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
22 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh 2003
23 Sun Temple, Konarak Orissa 1984
24 Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
25 The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur Rajasthan 2010
26 Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda Bihar 2016
27 The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement Chandigarh 2016
28 Gothic and Art Deco architecture Mumbai 2018

3. MIXED WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN INDIA 

S No. Name of Mixed World Heritage Site State Year of Notification
1 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016

Source – UNESCO World Heritage Convention

Did You Know?

UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs. They are

  • Education
  • Natural sciences
  • Social/human sciences
  • Culture
  • Communication/information

Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France

Three new sites – “Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University)” at Nalanda, Bihar, “Capitol Building Complex – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier” in Chandigarh and “Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim” have been added to the list in July 2016.

Apart from the 35 sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, India has also maintained a list of tentative sites for recognition which has been submitted to UNESCO Committee for evaluation and acceptance.


Update :

In July 2018, UNESCO announced Gothic and Art Deco architecture in Mumbai as UNESCO’s Cultural World Heritage Sites in India. 

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