Day Today GK has prepared a list of Important Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants in India.
It is very important to know about the name and location of Thermal and Nuclear power plants in India. Questions from this topic has appeared in many competitive exams in General Awareness Category.
What is a Thermal Power Plant?
A thermal power station is a power plant in which heat energy is converted to electric power. In most of the places in the world the turbine is steam-driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator.
What is a Nuclear Power Plant?
A nuclear power plant is a type of power station that generates electricity using heat from nuclear reactions. These reactions take place within a reactor. The plant also has machines which remove heat from the reactor to operate a steam turbine and generator to make electricity. Electricity made by nuclear power plants is called nuclear power.
Thermal Power Plants in India
|S No||Thermal Power Plants Name||Location|
|1.||Amarkantak TPS||Chachai, Madhya Pradesh|
|2.||Anpara TPS||Anpara, Uttar Pradesh|
|3.||Anta Thermal Power Station||Anta, Rajasthan|
|4.||Arasmeta CPP (private)||Janjgir, Chhattisgarh|
|5.||Auraiya Thermal Power Station||Dibiyapur, Uttar Pradesh|
|6.||Badarpur TPP||Badarpur, NCT Delhi|
|7.||Bakreswar TPS||Suri, West Bengal|
|8.||Barauni TPP||Barauni, Bihar|
|9.||Barsingsar LignitPower Plant e||Barsingsar, Rajasthan|
|10.||Bellary TPP||Kudatini, Karnataka|
|11.||Bhusawal TPS||Deepnagar, Maharashtra|
|12.||Bokarao Thermal Power Station ‘B’||Bokaro, Jharkhand|
|13.||Chandrapur STPS||Chandrapur, Maharashtra|
|14.||Chandrapura Thermal Power Station||Chandrapura, Jharkhand|
|15.||Chhabra STPP||Mothipura, Rajasthan|
|16.||Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram TPP||Yamunanagar, Haryana|
|17.||Dr Narla Tatarao TPS||Ibrahimpatnam, Telangana|
|18.||Dr Shyama Prakash Mukharjee TPP||Korba, Chhattisgarh|
|19.||Durgapur Thermal Power Station||Durgapur, West Bengal|
|20.||Durgapur TPP||Durgapur, West Bengal|
|21.||Ennore TPS||Ennore, Tamil Nadu|
|22.||Farakka STPS||Nagarun, West Bengal|
|23.||Faridabad Thermal Power Plant||Mujedi, Haryana|
|24.||Feroz Gandhi Unchahar TPP||Unchahar, Uttar Pradesh|
|25.||Gandhinagar TPS||Gandhinagar, Gujarat|
|26.||Giral Lignite TPS||Thumbli, Rajasthan|
|27.||Guru Gobind SSTP||Ghanauli, Punjab|
|28.||Guru Hargobind TP||Lehra Mohabbat, Punjab|
|29.||Guru Nanak dev TP||Bathinda, Punjab|
|30.||Harduaganj TPS||Harduaganj, Uttar Pradesh|
|31.||IB Thermal pp||Banharpali, Odisha|
|32.||Indraprashta PS||Delhi, NCT Delhi|
|33.||Jharsuguda TPS||Jharsuguda, Odisha|
|34.||Jhanor-Gandhar TPS||Urjanagar, Gujarat|
|35.||Jindal Megha PP (private)||Tamnar, Chhattisgarh|
|36.||JSW Vijanagar PP-II (private)||Vijaynagar, Karnataka|
|37.||Kahalgaon STPS||Kahalgaon, Bihar|
|38.||Kakatiya TPS||Chelpur, Telangana|
|39.||Kaparkheda TPS||Kaparkheda, Maharashtra|
|40.||Kawas TPS||Adityanagar, Gujarat|
|41.||Kolaghat TPS||Mecheda, West Bengal|
|42.||Koradi TPS||Koradi, Maharashtra|
|43.||Korba STPP||Jamani Palli, Chhattisgarh|
|44.||Kota STPS||Kota, Rajasthan|
|45.||Kothagudem TPS||Paloncha, Telangana|
|46.||Kothagudem V stage TPS||Paloncha, Telangana|
|47.||Kutch Lignite TPS||Panandhro, Gujarat|
|48.||Lanco Amarkantak TPP (private)||Pathadi, Chhattisgarh|
|49.||Lanco Udupi TPP (private)||Nandikoor, Karnataka|
|50.||Mejia Thermal Power Station||Durlavpur, West Bengal|
|51.||Mettur TPS||Metturdam, Tamil Nadu|
|52.||Muzaffarpur TPP||Kanti, Bihar|
|53.||Mundra TPS||Kutch, Gujarat|
|54.||Nashik TPS||Nashik, Maharashtra|
|55.||National Capital TPP||Vidyutnagar, Uttar Pradesh|
|56.||Neyveli TPS 1||Neyveli, Tamil Nadu|
|57.||Neyveli TPS 2||Neyveli, Tamil Nadu|
|58.||North Chennai TPS||Athipattu, Tamil Nadu|
|59.||Obra TPS||Obra, Uttar Pradesh|
|60.||Panipat TPP 1||Assan, Haryana|
|61.||Panipat TPP 2||Assan, Haryana|
|62.||Panki TPS||Panki, Uttar Pradesh|
|63.||Paras TPS||Vidyutnagar, Maharashtra|
|64.||Pariccha TPS||Pariccha, Uttar Pradesh|
|65.||Parli TPS||Parli-Vaijnath, Maharashtra|
|66.||Raichur Super TPS||Raichur, Karnataka|
|67.||Rajghat PS||Delhi, NCT Delhi|
|68.||Rajiv Gandhi CCPP||Kayamkulam, Kerala|
|69.||Ramagundam B TPS||Ramagundam, Telangana|
|70.||Ramagundam STPS||Jyothi Nagar, Telangana|
|71.||Rayalaseema TPS||Cuddapah, Telangana|
|72.||Rihand TPP||Rihand Nagar, Uttar Pradesh|
|73.||Rosa TPP (private)||Rosa, Uttar Pradesh|
|74.||Sabarmati TPS (Private)||Ahmadabad, Gujarat|
|75.||Sagardighi TPS||Manigram, West Bengal|
|76.||Sanjay Gandhi TPS||Birsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh|
|77.||Satpura TPS||Sarni, Madhya Pradesh|
|78.||Sikka TPS||Jamnagar, Gujarat|
|79.||Simhadri STPS||Simhadri, Andhra Pradesh|
|80.||Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station||Shaktinagar, Uttar Pradesh|
|81.||Sipat TPP||Sipat, Chhattisgarh|
|82.||Surat Lignite TPS||Nani Naroli, Gujarat|
|83.||Suratgarh STPS||Suratgarh, Rajasthan|
|84.||Talcher STPS||Kaniha, Odisha|
|85.||Talcher TPS||Talcher, Odisha|
|86.||Tiroda TPS||Tirora, Maharashtra|
|87.||Tanda TPP||Vidyutnagar, Uttar Pradesh|
|88.||Tuticorin TPS||Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu|
|89.||Ukai TPS||Ukai dam, Gujarat|
|90.||Vindhyachal STPS||Vidhya Nagar, Madhya Pradesh|
|91.||VS Lignite Power Plant (private)||Gurha, Rajasthan|
|92.||Wanakbori TPS||Wanakbori, Gujarat|
Note : Important Power plants mentioned in bold and blue colour words
Nuclear Power Plants in India
|S No||Nuclear Power Plants Name||Location|
|1.||Kaiga Generating Station (KGS)||Kaiga, Karnataka|
|2.||Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS)||Kakrapur, Gujarat|
|3.||Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP)||Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu|
|4.||Madras/ Kalpakkam Atomic Power Station (MAPS)||Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu|
|5.||Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS)||Narora, Urttar Pradesh|
|6.||Rawatbhata Atomic Power Station (RAPS)||Rawatbhata, Rajasthan|
|7.||Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS)||Tarapur, Maharashtra|
Did You Know?
- India’s first power generation company was the private Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC) started in 1899.
- The first diesel power plant was set up in Delhi in 1905.
- The first hydro-electric power station was set up in Mysore in 1902
- At the time of Independence, about 60% of India’s power sector was privately owned.
- India has a flourishing and largely indigenous nuclear power program and expects to have 20,000 Mega Watts nuclear capacity on line by 2020 and 63,000 Mega Watts by 2032. It aims to supply 25% of electricity from nuclear power by 2050.
- The joule is the unit used to measure thermal energy.
- In order to convert thermal energy into other forms of energy, a machine such as an engine is needed.
- When you add ice to a warm drink, some of the drinks’ thermal energy is transferred to the ice which makes the drink cooler.
- Heat energy can be transferred by three ways: convection, conduction, and radiation.
- There are roughly 430 nuclear power plants worldwide.
- The United States produces more nuclear energy than any other country.
- Radiation and nuclear medicines are used to cure and treat many diseases.
- Africa is the first country in the world to destroy all of its nuclear weapons voluntarily.
- If a person is ever exposed to radiation during a nuclear disaster, the first thing they should do is remove their clothing because 90% of the radiation will be located there.
- Seventy years after Independence, only nine states – Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa, Sikkim, Haryana, Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu – of 28 and 6 union territories – Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Haveli, Lakshadweep and Puducherry have been officially declared totally electrified. Unfortunately this report does not indicate the quality or duration of the supply.
- Approximately 67% of the world’s power is made by burning fossil fuels to make steam which turns the turbines. These are considered thermal power stations.
- Approximately 40% of the world’s power is made at thermal power station that burn coal
- Approximately 22% of the world’s power is made at thermal power station that burn natural gas
- Approximately 16% of the world’s power is produced by hydro electric power stations
- Approximately 13% of the world’s power is produced by nuclear power stations