Major ports in India – coastline is about 7516.6 kilometres and it is one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. It is serviced by 12 major ports, 200 notified minor and intermediate ports. Maharashtra (48) has the maximum number of non-major ports followed by Gujarat (42) and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (23).
- The Major Ports are administered by the central government’s shipping ministry.
- The Minor and Intermediate ports are administered by the relevant departments or ministries in the nine coastal states.
The Coastal States in India are Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
Major ports in India
|Name of the Sea Port||Coast||State|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||Western Coast||Maharashtra|
|Haldia||Eastern Coast||West Bengal|
|Vishakapatnam||Eastern Coast||Andhra Pradesh|
|Chennai||Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu|
|Ennore||Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu|
|Tuticorin||Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu|
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Who is VO Chidambaranar?
- Valliappan Olaganathan Chidambaram Pillai (1872–1936), popularly known by his initials, V.O.C. was a Tamil political leader. He was a disciple of Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
- He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company, competing against British ships.
- In response to the British India Steam Navigation Company’s trade monopoly, Chidambaram started an Indian-owned shipping company. He registered the Swadeshi Shipping Company in October 1906.
- He was charged with sedition and a sentence of two life imprisonments (in effect 40 years) was imposed. He was confined in the Central Prison, Coimbatore (from 9 July 1908 to 1 December 1910).
- The Indian Posts & Telegraphs department of India issued a special postage stamp on 5 September 1972, on the occasion of his birth centenary.