Facts about Haryana by DayTodayGK – Haryana is considered one of the wealthier states of India. Much agriculture, automobile and other industries are located in Haryana. Due to such number of industries located in this state, Haryana helped sufficiently in food production in 1960s during Green Revolution. The word “Haryana” literary means “the Forest Land of Hari.” It came into existence on 1st November 1966. Haryana is surrounded by Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh and also with River Yamuna.
Haryana borders the Country’s capital Delhi on its three sides. As per Census 2011, the population of this state is 25,353,081. Haryana ranked 16th position in case of population. The Official language of Haryana is Hindi and Punjabi where as its Regional language is Haryanvi. Its Capital city is Chandigarh. But its largest city is Faridabad. October and March is the best time to visit the state. Hisar Airport हिसार हवाई अड्डा Hisar Aviation Club Hisar Flying Club is a public airport serving Hisar, Haryana, India. It is located 5 kilometres north-east from the city on National Highway 10.
Haryana has a proud history going back to the Vedic Age. The state was the home of the legendary Bharata dynasty, which has given the name Bharat to India. Haryana finds mention in the great epic of Mahabharata. Kurukshetra, the scene of the epic battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, is situated in Haryana.
The state continued to play a leading part in the history of India till the advent of the Muslims and the rise of Delhi as the imperial capital of India. Thereafter, Haryana functioned as an adjunct to Delhi and practically remained anonymous till the First War of India’s Independence in 1847. Haryana thus became a part of the Punjab Province. With the re-organisation of Punjab on 1 November 1966, Haryana was made into a full-fledged state.
Government of Haryana
|Governor||Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|Chief Minister||Manohar Lal Khattar (BJP)|
|High Court||Punjab and Haryana High Court|
|Legislature||Unicameral (90 seats)|
- Rajya Sabha 5
- Lok Sabha 10
- Abubshehar Wildlife Sanctuary
- Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary
- Bir Shikargarh Wildlife Sanctuary
- Chhilchila Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary
- Morni Hills (Khol-Hi-Raitan) Wildlife Sanctuary
- Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary
National Parks of Haryana
- Sultanpur National Park
- Kalesar National Park
Rivers of Haryana
- The Yamuna flows along the state’s eastern boundary.
- Haryana’s main seasonal river, the Ghaggar rises in the outer Himalayas.
- The seasonal Markanda River is a stream, which in ancient times was known as the Aruna.
- Three other rivulets the Indori, Dohan and Kasavati all flow from East to West.
Famous places in Haryana
- Cantonment Church Tower
- Dargah Nuri
- European Soldiers Grave
- Gateway of Old Mughal Sarai
- Kalander Shah Tomb
- Karna Tank
- Kushan Stupa
- Old Badshahi Bridge
- Sita Mai Temple
- Taraori Sarai
- Miran Sahib Tomb
Famous Personalities of Haryana
- Parineeti Chopra, born in Ambala
- Juhi Chawla, born in Ambala is an Indian actress who appears mainly in Bollywood films.
- Om Puri, born in Ambala.
- Sonu Nigam, born in Faridabad.
- Baba Ramdev, born in Mahendragarh.
- O.P. Jindal, Former Member of Parliament, Haryana Power Minister, Founder — Jindal Group of Companies, hailing from Hissar.
- Arvind Kejriwal, from Hisar, Haryana, the Chief Minister of Delhi.
- Piyush Goyal (born 1964,Mumbai), From Uklana Mandi, Non resident Haryanvi politician, Power Minister in Modi Govt.
- Saina Nehwal, born in Hisar (city).
- Kapil Dev, born in Haryana.
- Mohit Sharma
- Yogeshwar Dutt
Nuclear and Thermal Power Plants in Haryana
- Gorakhpur Atomic Power Station
- Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station
- Panipat Thermal Power Station
- Faridabad Thermal Power Station
Other Facts about Haryana
- Haryana is the largest producer of passenger cars, tractors, motorcycles, bicycles, refrigerators, scientific instruments, etc.
- Haryana is the largest exporter of Basmati rice to the overseas market.
- Panipat handlooms and carpets are known all over the world besides its famous Pachranga Aachar (pickles).
- HARYANA ,the first Indian state who achieved full rural electrification.
- More than 75 % population, rely on Agriculture sector. Haryana is the second largest producer of food grains in India after Punjab. Wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, bajra, maize & oilseeds are the major crops produced in Haryana. The main reason for such high production of food grains in Haryana is the high fertility of soil of Haryana & adequate irrigation facilities.