Bharat Ratna Award Winners – Complete List

List of Bharat Ratna award winners
Bharat Ratna award winners list

What is Bharata Ratna?

The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.

The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who was honoured in 1954. Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously.

Bharat Ratna Award Winners

S.No.Name of the AwardeesYear
1Shri C. Rajagopalachari1954
2Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan1954
3Dr.C. V. Raman1954
4Dr.Bhagwan Das1955
5Dr.M Visvesvaraya1955
6Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru1955
7Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant1957
8Dr.Dhondo Keshav Karve1958
9Dr.Bidhan Chandra Roy1961
10Shri.Purushottam Das Tandon1961
11Dr.Rajendra Prasad1962
12Dr.Zakir Husain1962
13Dr.Pandurang Vaman Kane1963
14Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (posthumous)1966
15Smt.Indira Gandhi1971
16Shri V. V. Giri1975
17Shri K. Kamaraj(posthumous)1976
18Mother Teresa1980
19Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave1983
20Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987
21Shri M. G. Ramachandran1988
22Dr.B. R. Ambedkar1990
23Nelson Mandela1990
24Shri.Rajiv Gandhi (posthumous)1991
25Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (posthumous)1991
26Shri Morarji Desai1991
27Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (posthumous)1992
28Shri J. R. D. Tata1992
29Shri Satyajit Ray1992
30Shri Gulzarilal Nanda1997
31Smt.Aruna Asaf Ali(posthumous)1997
32Dr.A. P. J. Abdul Kalam1997
33Smt.M. S. Subbulakshmi1998
34Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam1998
35Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (posthumous)1999
36Professor Amartya Sen1999
37Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (posthumous)1999
38Pandit Ravi Shankar1999
39ShushriLata Mangeshkar2001
40Ustad Bismillah Khan2001
41Pandit Bhimsen Joshi2009
42Professor C. N. R. Rao2014
43Shri Sachin Tendulkar2014
44Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumous)2015
45Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee2015

Did You Know?

  • The original 1954 specifications of the award was a circle made of gold 1 3⁄8 inches (35 mm) in diameter with a centred sunburst design on the obverse side.
  • The text “Bharat Ratna”, in Devanagari Script, is inscribed on the upper edge in silver gilt with a wreath set along on the lower edge.

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