The Inside ‘n Out – Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

 What is PMKVY? 

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is an initiative by the Government of India that aims to offer 24 lakh Indian youth meaningful, industry relevant, skill based training.

Under this scheme, the trainees will be offered a financial reward and a government certification on successful completion of training and assessment, which will help them in securing a job for a better future.

The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).


The objective of this skill certification and reward scheme is to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up outcome based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood.


With a total outlay of about INR 1,500 crore, the PMKVY is likely to impart skills training to 24 lakh youth of the country, focusing on the Class X/XII dropouts and lower income groups. The scheme was developed over a period of almost three months and its implementation started in select states (primarily Bihar) by early June 2015.

 How the Govt is Enrolling? 

  • The government has partnered with various telecom operators to create awareness about the PMKVY.
  • After the nationwide launch telecom operators are likely to send out mass SMS about the scheme and will provide potential candidates a number to call.
  • Candidates need to give a missed call to this toll free number, following which they shall receive an automated call back connecting them to an IVR.
  • The potential candidate will, at this stage, need to input his/her details into the system. These details will be recorded, and screened.
  • Candidates eligible to enroll for the training programmes will be provided details of the nearest training centre and will be asked to report on the training dates.

 Key Features of PMKVY 

  • Standard Training with third party assessments.
  • Direct Fund Transfer – Transparent funding of skill training without any intermediaries with monetary rewards directly transferred to the trainees bank account.
  • Demand-driven targets: Based on assessment of skill demand and the Skill Gap Studies, target for skill training would be allocated
  • Target aligned to national flagship programmes such as – Swachh Bharat, Make in India, Digital India, National Solar Mission and so on.
  • Supply side perspective in target fixation : essentially target drop out students after class 10 and class 12
  • Recognition of prior learning (RPL): Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments.
  • Variable amount of monetary reward: Monetary reward for various job roles within a sector would also vary.
  • Robust regime for registration of training providers: NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC. Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC.
  • Focussed awareness building and mobilisation activities
  • Improved curricula, better pedagogy and trained instructors
  • Enhanced monitoring: To monitor the training process, SSCs will be tasked with verifying and recording details of all training centres on the Skill Development Management System (SDMS), and ascertain quality of training locations and courses through certified assessors during the time of assessments.
  • Mentorship support: A mentorship programme will be created in order to support trainees who have successfully completed the training programme and are in the process of looking for employment opportunities.
  • Evaluation
  • Grievance redressal: A proper grievance redressal mechanism would be put in place.

 Points to Note 

  • The NSDC has also partnered with various business houses and corporates in an effort to garner mentorship for the candidates and to secure placements once their training is completed. The government has allocated INR 67 crore towards this.
  • The average monetary reward that each successful candidate is likely to get is about INR 8000.
  • Out of the total outlay, Rs 1,120 crore is to be spent on skill training of 14 lakh youths, and special emphasis has been given to recognition of prior learning for which an amount of Rs 220 crore has been provided.
  • An allocation of Rs 150 crores has been done for training of youth from the Northeast region.

 Important GK 

  •  National Skills Day – July 15.
  • The National Skill Development Corporation India (NSDC) was setup as a one of its kind, Public Private Partnership Company with the primary mandate of catalysing the skills landscape in India.
  • Mr. S. Ramadorai is the present Chairman of NSDC.
  • The Board of Directors of NSDC comprise of 14 members with 6 from the government (including 2 nominee from the private sector) and 8 from the private sector.

Economic Times
Maps of India
Skill Development Official Website
NSDC Official Website
PMKVY Official Website


(Check out the Third Article – Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana)

The Fifth Article will be updated on January 15′ 2016

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