Gaza on fire
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MEANINGS are given in BOLD and ITALIC
Protests last week along Gaza’s border with Israel, which turned violent with Israeli troops killing 18 Palestinians, were long in the making. Gaza, the 225 sq km strip (a long, narrow area of land) of land where over two million people live, has been under an Israeli blockade (seal off (a place) to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving) for over a decade. In recent years, Egypt has also joined the blockade, practically cutting off the strip from the rest of the world. The flow of both goods and people into and out of Gaza is heavily restricted. Life has become miserable ( wretchedly unhappy or uncomfortable) under these conditions, and it is not an exaggeration (a statement that represents something as better or worse than it really is) when the territory is called one big open-air prison. Recent sanctions by the Ramallah-based Palestinian Authority have not helped matters.
Despite international calls and repeated warnings by rights groups, Israel has not eased its restrictions on the strip. It says they are in place for “security reasons” — the ruling Hamas is designated a terrorist group by Israel. It was against this background, amid mounting frustration (the feeling of being upset or annoyed as a result of being unable to change or achieve something) and resentment against the status quo (the existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues), that Hamas and other organisations in Gaza called for a six-week sit-in on the Israeli border to protest against the blockade as well as to support the Palestinians’ right to return to the lands that became Israel in 1948. Most Gaza residents are refugees of the first Arab-Israeli war or their descendants (a person or thing that succeeds another).
There are conflicting (be incompatible or at variance; clash) views on what triggered (caused by particular action, process, or situation) the violence. Palestinians say Israeli soldiers opened fire on peaceful protesters. Israel says force had to be used to stop the tens of thousands of protesters from crossing the border into its territory. The real picture can be ascertained only through an impartial (open minded ; treating equally) international probe. But the U.S. has already blocked a move in the UN Security Council seeking such an inquiry. In the past, Israel has faced serious allegations of using force against Gazans. A UN-appointed commission probing the 2009 Gaza war accused both Israel and Palestinian militants of committing war crimes.