Mountain Passes in India – A Complete List

Mountain Passes in India
List of Mountain Passes in India

What is a Mountain Pass?

Mountain Passes in India – A mountain pass is a route through a mountain range or over a ridge. If following the lowest possible route, a pass is locally the highest point on that route. Since many of the world’s mountain ranges have presented formidable barriers to travel, passes have been important since before recorded history, and have played a key role in trade, war, and migration. At lower elevations, it may be called a hill pass.

Mountain passes make use of a gap, col (also sometimes a notch, the low point in a ridge). On a topographic map, passes are characterized by contour lines, with an hourglass shape, which indicates a low spot between two higher points.

As well as offering relatively easy travel between valleys, passes also provide a route between two mountain tops with a minimum of descent. As a result, it is common for tracks to meet at a pass; this often makes them convenient routes even when travelling between a summit and the valley floor. Passes traditionally were places for trade routes, communications, cultural exchange, military expeditions etc. A typical example is the Brenner pass in the Alps.

Some mountain passes above the tree line have problems with snow drift in the winter. This might be alleviated by building the road a few meters above the ground, which will make snow blow off the road.

“The jewels of India”, a term that truly describes the Top 10 highest mountain peaks of India. These snow-capped mountains attract thousands of visitors from across the globe for various exploration and expedition projects. Since time immemorial the Himalayas have attracted millions of tourist because of its mountain peaks and snowy glaciers. The two major mountain ranges of North and North East India are the Karakoram Range and Himalayan Range. These two ranges are home to a few of India’s highest peaks which are also the part of the top 100 highest peaks of the world.

List of Mountain Passes in India

Name of the PassLocation of the PassHEIGHT (ft)BETWEEN/SEPARATING
AsirgarhMadhya Pradesh
Auden’s ColUttarakhand17,552
Banihal PassJammu and Kashmir(Jammu, Kashmir)9,291Jammu & Kashmir
Bara-lacha-laHimachal Pradesh16,400
BomdilaArunachal Pradesh
Changla PassJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)17,585Leh & Changthang
Chanshal PassHimachal Pradesh14,830
Dehra CompassJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)
Debsa PassHimachal Pradesh17,520
DongkhalaSikkim12,000
Dhumdhar Kandi PassUttarakhand
Fotu LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)13,451
Goecha LASikkim16,207
Haldighati PassRajasthan
Indrahar PassHimachal Pradesh14,473
Jelep LaSikkim14,300
Khardung LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)17,582Leh & Nubra
Kongka PassJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)16,965Ladakh & Aksai Chin
Lanak PassJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)17,933Ladakh & Tibet
Kunzum PassHimachal Pradesh (Lahaul & Spiti)14,931Lahaul & Spiti
Karakoram PassJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)Ladakh & Xinjiang
Lipulekh PassUttarakhand17,500
Lungalacha LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)16,600
Lamkhaga PassHimachal Pradesh17,336
Marsimik LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)18,314
Mayali PassUttarakhand16,371
Nama PassUttarakhand18,399
Namika LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)12,139
Nathu LaSikkim14,410Sikkim & Tibet
Palakkad GapKerela750Kerela & Tamil Nadu
Thamarassery PassWayanad Kerela1,700Malabar & Mysore
Shenkottai PassKollam Kerela690Travancore & Tamil Nadu
Pensi LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)
Rezang LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)
Rohtang PassHimachal Pradesh13,051Manali & Lahaul
Sasser LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)17,753Nubra & Siachen Glacier
Sela PassArunachal Pradesh14,000
Shipki LaHimachal Pradesh
Sia LaJammu and Kashmir(Siachen Glacier)18,337
Shingo LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)
Spangur GapJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)
Gyong LaJammu and Kashmir(Siachen Glacier)18,655
Bilafond LaJammu and Kashmir(Siachen Glacier)17,881
Sin LaUttarakhand
Tanglang LaJammu and Kashmir(Ladakh)17,583
Traill’s PassUttarakhand17,100
Zojila PassJammu and Kashmir(Kashmir, Ladakh)12,400Kashmir & Ladakh

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