List of Landlocked Countries and Territories in the World
Complete List of Landlocked Countries and Their Territories in the World – A landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas. There are currently 49 such countries, including five partially recognised states.
Disadvantages of a Landlocked Country
Landlocked Countries has several disadvantages. They are
- It cuts a nation off from important sea resources such as fishing
- Prevents direct access to seaborne trade, a crucial component of economic and social advance.
- Landlocked developing countries have significantly higher costs of international cargo transportation compared to coastal developing countries.
Paul Collier in his book The Bottom Billion argues that being landlocked in a poor geographic neighborhood is one of four major development “traps” by which a country can be held back. He states, “If you are coastal, you serve the world; if you are landlocked, you serve your neighbors.”
What is a Double Landlocked Country?
A country is “doubly landlocked” or “double-landlocked” when it is surrounded entirely by one or more landlocked countries (requiring the crossing of at least two national borders to reach a coastline).
- Liechtenstein in Central Europe, surrounded by Switzerland and Austria.
- Uzbekistan in Central Asia, surrounded by Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.
Landlocked Countries and Their Territories in the World
|1||Afghanistan||Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan|
|3||Armenia||Iran, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan|
|4||Austria||Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland|
|5||Azerbaijan||Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Turkey|
|6||Belarus||Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia|
|8||Bolivia||Peru, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay|
|9||Botswana||Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa|
|10||Burkina Faso||Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast|
|11||Burundi||Rwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|12||Central African Republic||Chad, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, South Sudan|
|13||Chad||Libya, Niger, Sudan, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Cameroon|
|14||Czech Republic||Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia|
|15||Ethiopia||Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan|
|16||Hungary||Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine|
|17||Kazakhstan||China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan|
|18||Kosovo||Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia|
|19||Kyrgyzstan||China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan|
|20||Laos||Myanmar, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand|
|23||Luxembourg||Belgium, Germany, France|
|24||Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)||Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania|
|25||Malawi||Zambia, Tanzania, Mozambique|
|26||Mali||Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania|
|29||Artsakh||Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran|
|31||Niger||Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria|
|32||Paraguay||Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia|
|33||Rwanda||Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|35||Serbia||Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania (via Kosovo and Metohija[c])|
|36||Slovakia||Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary|
|37||South Ossetia||Georgia, Russia|
|38||South Sudan||Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic|
|39||Swaziland||Mozambique, South Africa|
|40||Switzerland||France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Austria, Italy|
|41||Tajikistan||Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China|
|43||Turkmenistan||Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran|
|44||Uganda||Kenya, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania|
|45||Uzbekistan||Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan|
|47||West Bank||Israel, Jordan|
|48||Zambia||Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola|
|49||Zimbabwe||South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique|
Facts about Landlocked Countries in the World
- The largest landlocked country is Kazakhstan in Central Asia with a land area of over 2.7 million kilometers.
- The smallest landlocked country is the city-state of Vatican City with an area of just 44 hectares (109 acres).
- Only two countries – Bolivia and Paraguay in South America, lie outside Afro-Eurasia (the Old World).
- Countries that are landlocked by a single country are known as enclave countries.