List of landlocked countries and territories in the world

List of Landlocked Countries and Territories in the World

Complete List of Landlocked Countries and Their Territories in the WorldA landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas. There are currently 49 such countries, including five partially recognised states.

List of Landlocked Countries


Disadvantages of a Landlocked Country

Landlocked Countries has several disadvantages. They are

  • It cuts a nation off from important sea resources such as fishing
  • Prevents direct access to seaborne trade, a crucial component of economic and social advance.
  • Landlocked developing countries have significantly higher costs of international cargo transportation compared to coastal developing countries.

Paul Collier in his book The Bottom Billion argues that being landlocked in a poor geographic neighborhood is one of four major development “traps” by which a country can be held back. He states, “If you are coastal, you serve the world; if you are landlocked, you serve your neighbors.”

What is a Double Landlocked Country?

A country is “doubly landlocked” or “double-landlocked” when it is surrounded entirely by one or more landlocked countries (requiring the crossing of at least two national borders to reach a coastline).

  • Liechtenstein in Central Europe, surrounded by Switzerland and Austria.
  • Uzbekistan in Central Asia, surrounded by Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

Landlocked Countries and Their Territories in the World

S.noCountriesSurrounding Countries
1AfghanistanIran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan
2AndorraFrance, Spain
3ArmeniaIran, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan
4AustriaGermany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
5AzerbaijanRussia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Turkey
6BelarusPoland, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia
7BhutanIndia, China
8BoliviaPeru, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay
9BotswanaNamibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa
10Burkina FasoMali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast
11BurundiRwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo
12Central African RepublicChad, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, South Sudan
13ChadLibya, Niger, Sudan, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Cameroon
14Czech RepublicAustria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
15EthiopiaDjibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan
16HungaryAustria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
17KazakhstanChina, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
18KosovoAlbania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
19KyrgyzstanChina, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
20LaosMyanmar, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand
21LesothoSouth Africa
22LiechtensteinSwitzerland, Austria
23LuxembourgBelgium, Germany, France
24Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania
25MalawiZambia, Tanzania, Mozambique
26MaliAlgeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania
27MoldovaRomania, Ukraine
28MongoliaChina, Russia
29ArtsakhArmenia, Azerbaijan, Iran
30NepalChina, India
31NigerLibya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria
32ParaguayArgentina, Brazil, Bolivia
33RwandaUganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
34San MarinoItaly
35SerbiaHungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania (via Kosovo and Metohija[c])
36SlovakiaAustria, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary
37South OssetiaGeorgia, Russia
38South SudanSudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic
39SwazilandMozambique, South Africa
40SwitzerlandFrance, Germany, Liechtenstein, Austria, Italy
41TajikistanAfghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China
42TransnistriaMoldova, Ukraine
43TurkmenistanKazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran
44UgandaKenya, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania
45 UzbekistanKazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan
46Vatican CityItaly
47West BankIsrael, Jordan
48ZambiaDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola
49ZimbabweSouth Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique

Facts about Landlocked Countries in the World

  • The largest landlocked country is Kazakhstan in Central Asia with a land area of over 2.7 million kilometers.
  • The smallest landlocked country is the city-state of Vatican City with an area of just 44 hectares (109 acres).
  •  Only two countries – Bolivia and Paraguay in South America, lie outside Afro-Eurasia (the Old World).
  • Countries that are landlocked by a single country are known as enclave countries.

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