General Knowledge : Important Branches of Biology


In Biology, there are thousands of branches. Here are the list of some important branches of Biology.

Name of the Branch


Agrostology Study of grasses
Allometry Study of relationship of body size to shape, anatomy, physiology and finally behaviour
Anthology Study of Flowers
Anatomy Study of internal structures
Archaeobiology Study of the biology of ancient times through archaeological materials
Biocybernetics Application of Cybernetics to Biological sciences
Bacteriology Study of bacteria
Biophysics Study of Physical aspects of living systems
Biochemistry Study of chemicals constituting the body and chemical reactions
Biotechnology Utilization of living organisms in Industrial Processes
Biogeography Study of the geographic distributions of living organisms.
Cell Biology Study of structure, functions, reproduction, and life cycle of cells
Chronobiology Study of time-dependent phenomena in living organisms.
Ctetology Study of acquired characters of organisms
Craniology Study of Skulls
Cryobiology Study of the effects of low temperatures on living organisms.
Cytology Study of detailed structure of cells
Cardiology Study of hears and its functioning
Dendrology Study of shrubs and trees
Ecology Study of relationships between organism and environment
Eidonomy Study of external appearance of an organism
Endocrinology Study of ductless glands and their hormones
Ethology Study of behaviour of animals
Ethnobiology Study of the way plants and animals are treated or used by different human cultures
Entomology Study of life history of insects
Eugenics Study of science dealing with factors which improve successive generations of human race
Euthenics Science deals with improvement of future of humanity by changing environment
Enzymology Study of enzymes
Embryology Study of development of embryo and its growth and repair
Esthesiology Scientific study of sensation
Floriculture Cultivation of flower yielding plants
Forensic biology Application of Biology to law enforcement
Genetics Study of heredity and variations
Gerontology Study of the social, psychological, cognitive and biological aspects of aging.
Glycobiology Study of the structure, biosynthesis, and biology of saccharides (sugar chains or glycans)
Haematology Study of blood and disease caused by it
Helminthology Study of parasitic worms
Herpatology Study of reptiles
Hydrobiology Science of life and life processes in water
Immunology Study of natural or acquired resistance to specific diseases
Ichthyology Study of fish and its culture
Karyology Study of nucleus
Kinesiology Study of muscle movements
Koniology Study of dust in relation to its effects on health.
Limnology Study of snails
Lipidology Study of lipids
Mastology Study of breasts
Morphology Study of form and structure
Myology Study of muscles
Mycology Study of Fungi
Microbiology Study of microorganisms like bacteria and viruses
Molecular Biology Study of chemicals living at molecular level
Mammalogy Study of mammals
Malacology Study of molluscs and their shells
Mechanobiology Study of interface of Biology and Engineering
Neonatalogy Study of new born up to the age of 2 months
Neurology Study of neurons and nerve rings
Nosology Classification of diseases
Osteology Study of Skeletal system
Odontology Study of teeth
Organology Study of different organs
Ontogeny Study of various life-cycles
Ornithology Study of Birds
Ophiology Study of Snakes
Olericulture Study of cultivation of vegetables
Oncology Study of tumors
Physiology Study of process and function associated with life
Phylogeny Study of Evolutionary relationship among different groups of organisms
Palaeontology Study of fossils
Parasitology Study of parasites
Primatology Study of Primates
Protozeology Study of Protozoa
Pedology Study of different types of Soils
Phenomics Study of the physical and biochemical traits of organisms
Phenology Study of periodic plant and animal life cycle events
Pomology Study of Fruits
Psychobiology Study of behavioural aspects of animals
Phytogeography Study of plant distribution on the earth
Pharmocology Scientific study of drugs
Photobiology Study of interaction of light and living organisms
Protistology Study of Protists (Eukaryotic Microorganisms)
Paleobotany Study of distribution and characteristics of fossils
Radiology Study of effects of radiation on living being
Sarcology Study of muscles
Scotobiology Study of Biological effects of darkness
Sociobiology Study of the biological bases of sociology
Syndesmology Study of bone joints and ligaments
Serology Study of blood serum
Silviculture Study of cultivation of timber yielding plants
Splanchnology Study of internal organs
Tectology Study of structural organization of body
Trophology Study of Nutrition Science
Toxicology Study of poisons and method of treatment
Taxonomy Study of nomenclature and classification of organisms
Urology Study of urine and its diseases
Virology Study of viruses
Veterinary Science Study of Animal Medicine
Zoology Study of Animals

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