South American Countries Capitals Currencies – South America is the World’s fourth-largest continent – 17,840,000 km² covering approximately 12% of the Earth’s land and 3.5% of the Earth’s surface.
- It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
- The eastern side of the continent is generally lower than the west which contains the Andes mountain range.
- The second-longest river in the World, the Amazon (6,400 km) flows across the top of the continent.
- Argentina is home to the highest mountain Aconcagua (6960 m) and the World’s highest waterfall – Angel Falls (979 m).
South American Countries Capitals Currencies
|Ecuador||Quito||United States dollar|
|Falkland Islands||Stanley||Falkland Islands pound|
Facts About South America:
- South America is a continent located in the western hemisphere, mostly in the southern hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere.
- South America is home to the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela.
- The highest single drop waterfall Kaieteur Falls in Guyana
- The longest mountain range, the Andes (whose highest mountain is Aconcagua at 6,962 m [22,841 ft])
- Angel Falls are the world’s highest waterfalls
- Amazon River Basin is the world’s largest river basin
- The Andes are the world’s longest mountain range
- Main natural resources in South America are minerals such as iron ore (used to make steel) or copper and agricultural produce such as corn, coffee, wheat, soybean and cocoa.
- The southernmost city in the world is on the South American continent. The city is called Ushuaia, is located on the Argentinian part of the Tierra del Fuego and more than 55,000 people live there.
- The most populous city in South America is Sao Paulo. Almost half of the population of the South American continent lives in Brazil.
- The Incas were the largest group of indigenous people in South America when the Europeans arrived.
- There are two landlocked countries in South America: Paraguay and Bolivia are located in the interior of the continent and have neither access to the Atlantic Ocean nor to the Pacific Ocean.
- The Aconcagua is considered the second highest of the world’s Seven Summits after Mount Everest which is in Asia.
– South American Countries Capitals Currencies