Hiroshima Bomb- 6th August
Date- 6th August 1945
Time: 8.15 A.M.
It was time the time of Second World War, When The United States of America dropped the two heavy bomb on the land of Hiroshma and Nagasaki burning the whole Japan and turning into rust. It was the one of the barbaric attack in history of the world.
History and Background
- The war in Europe had concluded when Nazi Germany signed its instrument of surrender on May 8, 1945, but with the Japanese refusal to accept the Allies’ demands for unconditional surrender.
- Together with the United Kingdom and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945; this was buttressed with the threat of “prompt and utter destruction”.
- Then the 6th August 1945 came and U.S. dropped a uranium gun-type atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.
- Little Boy exploded 2,000 feet above Hiroshima in a blast equal to 12-15,000 tons of TNT, destroying five square miles of the city.
- Approximately, atomic bombings killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima.
- During the following months, large numbers died from the effect of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition.
- On August 15, just days after the bombing of Nagasaki and the Soviet Union’s declaration of war, Japan announced its surrender to the Allies.
- On September 2, it signed the instrument of surrender, effectively ending World War II.
- At the time of its bombing, Hiroshima was a city of both industrial and military significance.
- A number of military units were located nearby, the most important of which was the headquarters of Field Marshal Shunroku Hata’s Second General Army.
- The city was a communications center, a key port for shipping and an assembly area for troops.
- The city was a communications center, a key port for shipping and an assembly area for troops
- During the Bomb Blast:
- Hiroshima had been very strongly constructed because of the earthquake danger in Japan, and their framework did not collapse even though they were fairly close to the blast center.
- The Americans estimated that 4.7 square miles (12 km2) of the city were destroyed.
- Eizō Nomura was the closest known survivor, who was in the basement of a reinforced concrete building
- Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region.
- It is best known as the first city in history to be targeted by a nuclear weapon.
- Hiroshima gained city status on April 1, 1889.
Some Related general knowledge questions
- Name the first country which was affected by the first nuclear bomb.