World

General Knowledge : Parliaments of the World

Parliament is central core of any form of democracy. Parliament is a legislature that refers only to a democratic government’s legislature. The term Parliament is derived from the French word parlement, which means a discussion. The members of the Parliament are the representatives of the People and the process of selection is voting.

Parliament adopts laws, seeks solutions, takes important decisions, passes budgets..etc. Generally, a parliament has three functions: representation, legislation and parliamentary control. The Sicilian Parliament is considered one of the oldest in the world.

Parliaments usually consist of chambers or houses, and are usually either bicameral or unicameral. A nation’s prime minister  is almost always the leader of the majority party in the lower house of parliament, but only holds his or her office as long as the “confidence of the house” is maintained.

Parliaments of the World’s Major Countries

Country

Parliament

India Sansad (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha)
Bangladesh Jatiya Sansad
Spain Cortes Generales
Pakistan National Assembly
Nepal Rashtriya Panchayat
Israel Knesset
Canada Parliament
Russia Duma and Federal Council
United States of America Congress (House of Representatives and Senate)
Germany Bundstag – Upper HouseBundesrat – Lower House
Maldives Mazlis
Bhutan Tshogdu
Australia Federal Parliament
Denmark Folketing
China National People’s Congress
Iran Majlis
Mynamar Pyithu Hluttaw
Japan Diet
France National Assembly
Norway Storting
Afghanistan Shora
Turkey Grand National Assembly