An intelligence agency is a government agency, which is mainly responsible for gathering, analyzing, and passing the valuable information to the Government in support of national security, military, and foreign policy objectives.
The Intelligence agents protect sensitive information secrets, ie their own secrets as well as the secrets of their own country. They give early warning of impending crises.
There is a difference between “security intelligence” and “foreign intelligence“. Security intelligence pertains to domestic threats (left wing extremism, drug and human traficking etc). Foreign intelligence involves information collection relating to the political, or economic activities of foreign states.
Here are the list of Intelligence Agencies of some major countries.
|Inter Services Intelligence (ISI)||Pakistan|
|Central Intelligence Agencies (CIA) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)||United States of America|
|Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (KGB)/ Glavnoje Razvedyvatel’noje Upravlenije (GRU)||Russia|
|Australian Security and Intelligence Organization||Australia|
|Centro Intelligence Interforze (CII)||Italy|
|Royal Intelligence Corps||Malaysia|
|Central External Liaison Department||China|
|Military Counterintelligence Service||Germany|
|Sazamane Etelaat va Amniate Kechvar (SAVAK)||Iran|
|Bureau of State Security (BOSS)||South Africa|
|Canadian Security Intelligence Service||Canada|
|Direction General de Securite Exterieur (DGSE)||France|
|Secret Intelligence Service||United Kingdom|
|General Intelligence Presidency||Saudi Arabia|
|Security and Intelligence Division||Singapore|