General Knowledge

European Countries Capitals Currencies

European Countries Capitals Currencies – Europe is the World’s second-smallest continent – 10,180,000 km² covering approximately 6.7% of the Earth’s land and 2% of the Earth’s surface .

  • It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Ural mountains in Russia mark the eastern extreme.
  • The southern regions are higher and include the Pyrenees, the Alps and the Carpathian mountain ranges.
  • The longest river in Europe is the Volga (2,850 km) in Russia.
  • The highest mountain is Elbrus (5,642 m) in Russia.

European Countries Capitals Currencies


European Countries Capitals Currencies

Country  Capital Currency
Åland Islands Mariehamn Euro
Albania Tirana Lek
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro
Austria Vienna Euro
Belarus Minsk Belarusian ruble
Belgium Brussels Euro
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Convertible mark
Bulgaria Sofia Lev
Croatia Zagreb Kuna
Czech Republic Prague Czech koruna
Denmark Copenhagen Danish krone
Estonia Tallinn Euro
Faroe Islands Tórshavn Faroese króna
Finland Helsinki Euro
France Paris Euro, CFP franc
Germany Berlin Euro
Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar pound
Greece Athens Euro
Guernsey Saint Peter Port Pound sterling
Hungary Budapest Forint
Iceland Reykjavík Icelandic króna
Ireland Dublin Euro
Isle of Man Douglas Pound sterling
Italy Rome Euro
Jersey Saint Helier Pound sterling
Kosovo Pristina Euro
Latvia Ryga Euro
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc
Lithuania Vilnius Lithuanian litas
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro
Macedonia Skopje Macedonian denar
Malta Valletta Euro
Moldova Chişinău Moldovan leu
Monaco Monaco Euro
Montenegro Podgorica Euro
Netherlands Amsterdam Euro, US dollar
Norway Oslo Norwegian krone
Poland Warsaw Złoty
Portugal Lisbon Euro
Romania Bucharest Romanian leu
Russia Moscow Russian ruble
San Marino San Marino Euro
Serbia Belgrade Serbian dinar
Slovakia Bratislava Euro
Slovenia Ljubljana Euro
Spain Madrid Euro
Svalbard Longyearbyen Norwegian krone
Sweden Stockholm Swedish krona
Switzerland Bern Swiss franc
Transnistria Tiraspol Transnistrian ruble
Ukraine Kiev Ukrainian hryvnia
United Kingdom London Pound sterling
Vatican City Vatican City Euro

Facts About Europe

  • Europe is the world’s second-smallest continent but has the second-largest population.
  • The landscape ranges from the frozen tundra and forests of the north to the hot, dry hills of the Mediterranean region.
  • Etna is Europe’s largest active volcano. With a maximum elevation of about 3350 m, Mount Etna is a stratovolcano situated in Sicily, southern Italy.
  • The famous Statue of Liberty was designed by Frédéric Bartholdi. The colossal neoclassical sculpture was constructed in France and given as a gift of friendship to the United States of America.
  • Europe is the only continent that does not have any deserts.
  • Both World Wars were largely focused in Europe.
  • Golf was first played in Scotland and the first game of cricket was played in Britain, both of these are countries in Europe.
  • The piano and guitar were also invented in Europe.
  •  The European Free Trade Association is a regional trade organisation and Free trade area consisting of four European states.
  • Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation.
  • The European Anthem is “Ode to Joy” and states celebrate peace and unity on Europe Day.
  • After World War II, Europe became divided into two ideological blocs (Eastern Europe, dominated by the USSR, and Western Europe, dominated by the United States) and became engaged in the cold war.
  • In 1955, the Council of Europe was formed following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals.
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed as a military deterrent to the spread of Communism and sought to maintain a military balance with its eastern equivalent, the Warsaw Treaty Organization. Cold war tensions eased in the 1960s, and signs of normalization of East-West relations appeared in the 1970s.
  • In Western Europe, the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) merged in 1967 to form the European Community.
  • Known since 1993 as the European Union, the organization aims to develop economic and monetary union among its members, ultimately leading to political union. The Eastern European counterpart was the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON), which, like the Warsaw Treaty Organization, dissolved with the breakup of the Soviet bloc in the early 1990s.

– European Countries Capitals Currencies


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