General Knowledge

Asian Countries Capitals Currencies – Complete List

Asian Countries Capitals Currencies – Complete list of all countries of Asia. Also read some interesting facts about Asia.

  • Asia is the World’s largest continent – 43,810,582 km². covering approximately 30% of the Earth’s land and 8.66% of the Earth’s surface.
  • It is bordered by the Ural Mountains to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Indian Ocean to the south.

Asian Countries Capitals Currencies


Asian Countries Capitals Currencies

COUNTRY CAPITAL CURRENCY OFFICIAL 
LANGUAGE
Abkhazia Sukhumi Russian
ruble
Georgian
Abkhaz
Russian
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Pashto
Dari
(Persian)
Akrotiri and Dhekelia Episkopi
Cantonment
Euro English
Greek
Armenia Yerevan Dram Armenian
Azerbaijan Baku Manat Azerbaijani
Bahrain Manama Bahraini
dinar
Arabic
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka Bengali
Bhutan Thimphu Bhutanese ngultrum Dzongkha
British Indian
Ocean 
Territory
Diego Garcia
Kingdom
US dollar
UK pound
English
Brunei Bandar Seri
Begawan
Brunei dollar Bahasa Melayu
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel Khmer
China Beijing Renminbi
(yuan)
Standard Chinese
Christmas 
Island
Flying Fish Cove Australian
dollar
English
Cocos
 (Keeling) 
Islands
West Island English
Cyprus Nicosia Euro Greek
Turkish
East Timor
(Timor-Leste)
Dili US Dollar Portuguese
Tetum
Georgia Tbilisi Lari Georgian
Hong Kong Special
administrative
region of China
Hong Kong
dollar
English
Cantonese
India New Delhi Rupee Hindi
English
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah Indonesian
Iran Tehran Rial Persian
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi dinar Kurdish
Arabic
Israel Jerusalem New shekel Hebrew
Arabic
Japan Tokyo Yen Japanese
Jordan Amman Jordanian
dinar
Arabic
Kazakhstan Astana Tenge Kazakh
Russian
Kurdistan Erbil Dinar Kurdish
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti
dinar
Arabic
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som Kyrgyz
Russian
Laos Vientiane Kip Lao
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese
pound
Arabic
Macau Special
administrative
region of China
Macanese
pataca
Portuguese
Cantonese
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit Malaysian
Maldives Malé Maldivian
rufiyaa
Maldivian
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tögrög Mongolian
Myanmar
(Burma)
Naypyidaw Kyat Burmese
Nagorno-
Karabakh
Stepanakert Armenian
dram
Armenian
Nepal Kathmandu Nepales
rupee
Nepali
Northern 
Cyprus
Nicosia Turkis
lira
Turkish
North Korea Pyongyang North
Korean won
Korean
Oman Muscat Rial Arabic
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani
Rupee
English
Urdu
Palestine Jerusalem Israeli shekel Arabic
Philippines Manila Philippine
Peso
Filipino
English
Qatar Doha Riyal Arabic
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Saudi riyal Arabic
Singapore Singapore Singapore
dollar
English
Chinese
Malay
Tamil
South Korea Seoul South
Korean won
Korean
South Ossetia Tskhinvali Russian
ruble
Ossetic
Georgian
Russian
Sri Lanka Colombo Sri Lankan
rupee
Sinhala
Tamil
Syria Damascus Syrian pound Arabic
Taiwan Taipei New Taiwan
dollar
Standard Chinese
Tajikistan Dushanbe Somoni Tajik
Thailand Bangkok Baht Thai
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira Turkish
Turkmeni-
stan
Ashgabat Turkmen new
manat
Turkmen
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE dirham Arabic
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistan
som (O’zbekiston so’mi)
Uzbek
Vietnam Hanoi đồng Vietnamese
Yemen Sana’a Yemeni rial Arabic

 

Area                             : 44,579,000 sq. km.Facts About Asian Continent

  • Countries                    : 48
  • Literacy Rate             : 65.5%
  • Largest Country        : China
  • Highest Peak             : Mount Everest, 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) above sea level
  • Lowest Point              : Dead Sea, 422 meters (1,384.5 feet) below sea level
  • Principal Religions   : Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Shintoism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism
  • Major Languages      : Chinese, Hindi, Bengali, Japanese, Punjabi, Javanese, Korean

The word ‘Asia‘ originated from an Ancient Greek word ‘Ασία‘, first attributed to Herodotus (about 440 BC) in reference to Anatolia, or for the purposes of describing the Persian Wars, to the Persian Empire, in contrast to Greece and Egypt.

  • It originally referred to the east bank of the Aegean Sea, an area known to the Hittites as ‘Assuwa‘.
  • It could have originated from an Aegean root ‘Asis‘, which means “muddy and silty”.
  • It derived from a borrowed Semitic root ‘Asu‘, which means “rising” or “light,” which refers to the sunrise, Asia thus meaning ‘Eastern Land’.
  • In Greek mythology, “Asia” (Ἀσία) or “Asie” (Ἀσίη) was the name of a Nymph or Titan goddess of Lydia.

    Ancient continent name: Assuwa has been suggested as the origin for the name of the continent “Asia.”

Population: Most Populous Continent – Approximately 4.1 billion people (60% of the world’s current human population) live in Asia.

Location: Asia is the world’s largest continent and is traditionally defined as a part of the landmass of Eurasia—with the western portion of Eurasia occupied by Europe. Asia occupies the eastern part of the Eurasian landmass and the adjacent islands and is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains.

  • It is located to the east of the Suez Canal, east of the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian and Black Seas.
  • It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean

Economy and Currencies: Asia has the second largest nominal GDP of all continents after Europe but the largest when measured in (Purchase Power Parity)PPP. The largest economies in Asia are China, Japan, India, South Korea, and Indonesia. Speaking of currency, there are different kinds of currencies used across Asia.

Languages: Asia is home to several language families and many language isolates. Most Asian countries have more than one language that is natively spoken.

  • More than 780 languages spoken in India
  • More than 700 living languages are spoken in Indonesia
  • More than 170 indigenous languages are spoken in the Philippines
  • China has many languages and dialects in various provinces

Colonization: Colonization in Asia traces its roots back to the late 15th century with a series of voyages that sought a sea passage to India in the hope of establishing direct spice trade between Europe and Asia. Before 1500, European economies were largely self-sufficient, only supplemented by minor trade with Asia and Africa. Within the next century, however, European and Asian economies were slowly becoming integrated through the rise of new global trade routes.

Some Other facts About Asia:

  • The polymath Rabindranath Tagore, a Bengali poet, dramatist, and writer from Santiniketan, now in West Bengal, India, became in 1913 the first Asian Nobel laureate.
  • .The highest point in the World, is Mount Everest (8,848 m), situated in the Tibetan region of the Himalayas.
  • The longest river in Asia and third longest in the World is the Yangtze (6,211 km) which flows through China.
  • The largest desert in Asia is the Gobi desert measuring 281,800 km².
  • All the popular religions (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Budism) are rooted in Asia.
  • 90% of the rice on the earth is consumed in Asian countries
  • Contrary to common belief, most of the tigers live in Asia, not in Africa.
  •  Indonesia is the largest country composed of islands. There are 17,508 islands around the country and 6,000 of these islands are inhabited by people.
  • From the 7,000 year old Sumer civilization in Mesopotamia to the 6,000 year old Indus Valley Civilization in India, ancient culture is rich in Asia.
  •  India is known to be the Highest producer of mangoes in the world, with close to 12 million tons each year.
  •  In Vietnam, people measure their age according to the number of Vietnamese New Years (aka Tets) they have lived. This brings it to the fact that all Vietnamese share the same birthday.
  • The first ever farmers and merchants were Asians.
  •  Asians were the first to use ‘writing’ as an activity.

– Asian Countries Capitals Currencies


Also Read

Country Capital Currency of Europe

Country Capital Currency of Africa

Country Capital Currency of Australia

Country Capital Currency of North America

Country Capital Currency of South America