General Knowledge

African Countries Capitals Currencies

African Countries Capitals Currencies – Africa is the World’s second-largest continent – 30,065,000 km² covering approximately 20% of the Earth’s land and 6% of the Earth’s surface .

  • It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The Red Sea and Suez Canal lie to the north-east and separate Africa from Asia.
  • The longest river in the World, The Nile, measuring 6,695 km – flows north ending in a delta that empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • The World’s largest desert, The Sahara, measuring 9,000,000 km², covers much of north Africa. The Kalahari desert in south-west Africa measures 259,000 km².
  • The Atlas mountain range lies in the north-west of Africa and the highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, 5895 m, is in Tanzania.

African Countries Capitals Currencies


African Countries Capitals Currencies

Country Capital Currency
Algeria Algiers Dinar
Angola Luanda Kwanza
Benin Porto-Novo CFA franc
Botswana Cotonou (seat of government) Pula
Burkina Faso Gaborone CFA franc
Burundi Ouagadougou Rupie
Cameroon Bujumbura CFA franc
Cape Verde Yaoundé Cape Verdean escudo
Central African Republic Praia CFA franc
Chad Bangui CFA franc
Comoros N’Djamena Comorian franc
Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Moroni CFA franc
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Brazzaville CFA franc
Democratic Republic of the Congo(Congo-Kinshasa) Yamoussoukro (official) Congolese franc
Djibouti Abidjan (seat of government) Djiboutian franc
Egypt Kinshasa Egyptian pound
Equatorial Guinea Djibouti Equatorial Guinean peseta
Eritrea Cairo Tallero
Ethiopia Malabo Birr
Gabon Asmara CFA franc
Gambia Addis Ababa Gambian dalasi
Ghana Libreville Ghana cedi
Guinea Banjul Guinean franc
Guinea-Bissau Accra CFA franc
Kenya Conakry Kenyan shilling
Lesotho Bissau Lesotho loti
Liberia Nairobi Liberian dollar
Libya Maseru Dinar
Madagascar Monrovia Malagasy ariary
Malawi Tripoli Kwacha
Mali Antananarivo CFA franc
Mauritania Lilongwe Ouguiya
Mauritius Bamako Mauritian rupee
Mayotte Nouakchott Euro
Morocco Port Louis Moroccan dirham
Mozambique Mamoudzou Mozambican metical
Namibia Overseas department of France Namibian dollar
Niger Rabat CFA franc
Nigeria Maputo Naira
Réunion Windhoek Euro
Rwanda Niamey Rwandan franc
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Abuja Saint Helena pound
Sao Tome and Principe Saint-Denis Pound sterling
Senegal Overseas department of France Dobra
Seychelles Kigali CFA franc
Sierra Leone Jamestown (Saint Helena) Seychellois rupee
Somalia Georgetown (Ascension Island) Leone
Somaliland Edinburgh of the Seven Seas (Tristan da Cunha) Somali shilling
South Africa São Tomé Somaliland shilling
South Sudan Dakar South African rand
Sudan Victoria South Sudanese pound
Swaziland Freetown Sudanese pound
Tanzania Mogadishu Lilangeni
Togo Hargeisa Tanzanian shilling
Tunisia Pretoria CFA franc
Uganda Cape Town Tunisian dinar
Zambia Bloemfontein Ugandan shilling
Zimbabwe Juba Zambian kwacha

Facts About Africa

  • Africa is the second largest continent.
  • Africa is the continent that has the most countries. Currently there are 54 countries in Africa.
  • It is the home of the Nile ,the longest river in the world.
  • The largest desert in the world is also in Africa, the Sahara.
  • The equator passes through the middle of Africa so it receives direct sunlight throughout the year. The World’s hottest place, Ethiopia, is a country in Africa.
  • Ninety five percent of the worlds’s diamonds and more than 50% of the world’s gold comes from Africa.
  • Scientist believe Africa to be the place where the 1st humans lived.
  • Highest Peak: Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania rises to 5,895 metres (19,341 feet) above sea level.
  • Largest Lake: Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,564 square miles) in area and is divided between three countries, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
  • Longest River: The River Nile is 6,695 kilometres (4,160 miles). The longest river in the world!
  • Smallest Country (by land area): The Seychelles, a group of 115 islands located north east of Madagascar.
  • Biggest Country: Algeria, the tenth biggest country in the world.
  • Smallest Nation (of people): Gambia.

– African Countries Capitals Currencies


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